Beauty is being comfortable and confident in one’s own skin. No matter what shape or size a girl is she should feel confident in her own skin. The confidence spreads only when the skin shines. Therefore, skin care is much more important than make up. Make up becomes superfluous when one begins to feel the glamour in their own skin. When this comfort is achieved no matter what she wears, her confidence becomes her best accessory!

However, in order to achieve this, it is essential to stay radiant, free from hyper pigmentation, black spots, acnes, etc. However, they are inevitable. To evade these problems, one should never ever see the sun! This is because the above problems arise when the skin increases its melanin production due to over exposure to the sun.

The best solution in these cases is skin lightening. However, not all the skin lightening treatments are safe. There are certain treatments that use harmful ingredients like hydroquinone. It causes permanent damages to the skin pigment cells called the melanocytes. They decolorize these pigments permanently. To avoid such problems, one should carefully choose the skin lightening cream like meladerm. Before buying such creams look for their ingredients. Make sure the cream is made of safe ingredients.

Here are the top safest ingredients that can be used in skin lightening treatment

Kojic acid

It is a by product of malted rice. This lightens and brightens the darkened skin spots. It is all – natural product. It works on the dark spot by inhibiting the conversion of tyrosinase to melanin. It also inhibits the intake of oxygen by the cells in the affected area. This helps to prevent enzymatic browning.

Alpha Arbutin

It is a bio – synthetic extract. It is prepared from the leaves of bearberry trees. It is one of the best recommendations when it comes to naturally exfoliating the skin. Therefore, the process of removing the affected cells is hastened and the new skin formation is activated. It shows better and faster results than the kojic acid. It is also a good alternative to the fairness chemicals out there.

Bearberry extract

It is extracted from the Uva Ursi plant. It is popularly known as beta – arbutin and is commonly found in many fairness creams. It is a sibling of hydroquinone and hence should be used in right amounts. Consult a dermatologist before using this extract. It inhibits the action of tyrosinase, the enzyme responsible for the production of melanin. Therefore, it is considered as one of the good solutions for skin discoloration.

Lactic acid

Lactic acid is considered as the best skin treatment when it is paired with certain plant extracts. One can use licorice root extract or mulberry extract to create the perfect formula with lactic acid. The mixture can then be used as skin cleansers and skin lighteners.

Licorice root

It is perfect for those with sensitive skin. This is because it calms down redness, itching and puffiness. It contains 2 compounds namely glabradin and liquirtin. They act as tyrosinase inhibitors.

Mulberry extract

Mulberry plant extract is gaining its popularity in skin lightening processes. It is mainly because it is gentle and non – irritating. Most of the ingredients though natural cause minimal irritation. It is actually the itching sensation caused due to the healing of the affected cells. Though it is good, some find it annoying. Mulberry extracts are the best solution to such people.

Mulberry extract lightens and brightens the skin. This is because it is rich in Vitamin C. Vitamin C increases the collagen synthesis in the skin. Collagen is a structural protein that is essential for firm and youthful skin.

Azelaic acid

It is found in grains. They also help treating many skin conditions apart from lightening the skin. It was originally used to treat acne. This is because it reduces the production of keratin that promotes the growth of acne bacteria. It also reduces inflammation.

What does azelaic acid do?

  • It prevents melanin production.
  • It also combats hyper pigmentation

On the other hand, it has very little or no effect on pigmented skin like freckles.

Niacinamide

It is the best ingredient when it comes to healing jagged pigmentation and age spots. It increases ceramide and fatty acid in the affected area. This helps to keep the skin hydrated which is very much essential to lighten the skin. In long term, the skin becomes firmer and wrinkle free

Citrus Extracts

They are generally made from citrus fruits. They are rich in Vitamin C. Vitamin C helps to remove free radicals from the body. These radicals are responsible for aging process. Therefore, they can be used to remove pigmentation and other aging related issues associated with the skin. Lemon juice is a common citrus extract that removes the dark spots by exfoliating the skin. These are present in the skin lightening creams like meladerm as well.

The only drawback is that when used on affected spots, it causes mild burning. This is because the skin is wounded and damaged by the sun. The burning depends on how long the person was exposed to the sun and how much lemon juice or citrus extract the user used. The irritation and burning caused by the extract are due to inflammation.

Glycolic acid

It is the most active skin care ingredient. It not only helps to lighten the skin but also acts as a natural skin exfoliant and moisturizer. It also helps to minimize the fine lines and wrinkles.